The Mystery of The Famous Ancient Architecture Beijing
The Mystery of The Famous Ancient Architecture Beijing
The ancient capital of Beijing is a long history, numerous valuable cultural relics, it's ancient buildings is the city's most precious real estate, it in order to no objection. Great Wall, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, the Ming Tombs in Beijing's most famous ancient buildings, where people can pay tribute to past imperial eminence. However, some of the less be noted that ancient buildings, the city also contains many stories, people endless aftertaste.
Temple of Heaven
In the Temple of Heaven, have to a 'Little Palace' normally overlooked, this 'Little Palace' is located at free airline side belonging to the Temple of Heaven, 'Temple Chai.' Temple of Heaven is a place where Ming and Qing emperors. May vary according to winter solstice, the emperor to check out the Temple of Heaven Heaven, pray for gathering. According to ancient ritual, the emperor always be the first three days in Heaven, to be fast Itsuki. Three days, do not eat meat, do not drink, don't close sex, do not listen to music, neglect the criminal, and so, for always a sheltered, sensual indulgence of this emperor, this of course is tantamount to jail time. Thus, in the Yongzheng and later, generate a separate fast in the Forbidden City Palace, every heaven, the earliest in the palace, 'To the fast' to contain the first two or three hour ritual, only to Temple Chai Temple of Heaven, 'To outside the Studios. ' From this, the Temple of Heaven Temple Chai became the emperor's resting place before heaven.
Qi Niandian Temple of Heaven Temple Chai on the inside southwest, the Circular Mound northwest, three into the tripartite balance of lets. Prescribe both the Forbidden City walls - Imperial City and Forbidden City; the Temple of Heaven Temple Chai also prescribe the walls: brick city outside, cut within the wall. A moat all around Forbidden City, there are cheese River; around the Temple of Heaven Temple Chai, in the brick wall of area and the ban likewise a moat. Heng Jia river each of 2 three white marble brg. And the four corners of the brick city, each housing five troops, but also with four turrets, much like the Forbidden City. Which shows the establishment with Forbidden City, but much smaller.
Itsuki in the Temple of Heaven, after two palace, sitting east of the west has five halls, green glazed tiles, eaves brackets, carved beams, the whole building solemnly gorgeous, is offering Itsuki shrine. Shiting inside left front of the hall with regard to bronze one, the prime minister is thought to be Emperor Wei Zheng, and he hands the word what 'fast' folks use the word of the brand, don't forget to remind the emperor good. Shiting stood in the hour of brand, told the emperor by hour fast, Heaven, Do not miss working hours.
By the Ming and Qing dynasties system, the emperor of residence should be facing south, and all the palace porch yellow glazed tiles are used, how a Temple of Heaven Temple Chai is sitting east of the west? The original self-proclaimed emperor of Mukden the carrier of the 'emperor', since is the 'Heaven' in 'sub' for the Temple of Heaven to Heaven, is definitely not more compared son to sacrifice his father, of course, won't be able to be arrogant, so Itsuki can generally take the east, but used a green glazed tile.
Let me say imprisoned Emperor's Yingtai. Emperor implementation of political reform, aiming to revive a result, Yingtai jailed for 10 years, became essentially the most senior prisoner, it is often a tragic figure, one might ask: Yingtai not? Why enticed into stately emperor's cage?
Yingtai in Beijing, in Zhongnanhai, the South China Sea. It's very surrounded by water, in fact, a small island planet north as well as the land plugged into a wooden bridge. Center building for that Han Yuan Temple, generally there are many wooden pavilions and stone account. It the beginning of Ming Dynasty, named for the southern Taiwan, repairs Shunzhi years after the expansion, changed its name to Yingtai, when the Kangxi and Qianlong weren't occasions in the hearings, Ciyan.
After the Reform Movement of the coup, the Empress Dowager Cixi fury imprisoned regarding Han dynasty, Yuan Area. Han Yuan Temple main hall for the Yingtai, sitting north for this South. North Han Yuan Xiang-luan door Pavilion utilizing the relative, the South Hall of the Hong Chen and Ying Ting smoked sea, across it because your Xinhua Entrance. Building size, though not of the Forbidden City, but also magnificent. However, since the Han dynasty, Yuan imprisoned in the house, here will be bleak, bleak atmosphere wrapped. In addition to being pulled at the start of the morning Guangxu accompany the Empress on the Zaozhao, all of those other time had been holding imprisoned in this, is strictly prohibited to go out. Serve dynasty eunuch, Li Lien Ying are trusted with Empress's hand-picked, named to offer on the dynasty actually monitored. A lot can be that 12 months of winter, the South China Sea water has frozen, day time dynasty travel incognito, Shuzhi had left far, he was the doorman found out that 'kneeling resistance' to come back with. Later, the Empress Dowager Cixi had heard about this, actually ordered the scuttling of ice water to prevent the dynasty run.
Yingtai imprisoned during the dynasty, mentally and physically tortured. Han Yuan said the house was papered windows broken, the Jingmei people to fix this cold winter your past North without a doubt unbearable. Dynasty in the bitter cold north wind in actually trembling, pins and needles. Ascended the throne after Emperor Guangxu, not good governance, revival of family members business itself has fallen 'to fly without wings, like crossing the No Means' the point, no surprise either when he lamented: 'I am not as good as Han Xiandi!' In particular, the dynasty embarrassing is usually that In order to mentally torture dynasty Empress, goes as far as the only pet Zhenfei Guangxu sideline, and drinking water far banned to along with her dynasty.
The emperor in captivity in Yingtai spent another years of his life. Dynasty, thirty-four years until October 21 the previous day the Empress Dowager Cixi died in the house of Han-yuan Tung room, ended his life. Since his death the day with basically a difference of Empress Dowager Cixi, had been suspected to get the empress killed him, it was said to poison him with poisoned Yuan. Or simply only often be a historical thriller.
Now, regarding Beijing are filled with so-called modern architecture, likewise faced some thing old buildings, 'demolition' of fate. One of several demolition C & D Construction, Beijing almost will not remember what the old city walls. Beijing Great Wall have been removed, but retained the 3 gate: Zhengyangmen, East side door and Deshengmen.
Beijing a great old saying: first, Deshengmen, after Beijing. This remark points to Deshengmen framework. Yuan Dynasty, a large army led by General Xu Da big break capital of this Yuan dynasty (ie, Beijing), Yuan Shun, who favored the north door quickly from most health Dement fled, Yuan from extinquishing. Jian Xu Da Dement put into Deshengmen, sometimes called winning the door, probably meaning Jinian Ming military victory. This can be a first year of Hongwu (1368) issue. Eighteen years to the Yongle (1420) Revised Beijing, just show the big two kilometers south walls of the capital, the additional repair the gate and barbican, also called Deshengmen. From that perspective Deshengmen named 52 years earlier in Beijing.
Beijing Urban Construction has become, a full of nine gates. Have their own purposes: in the era of feudal dynasty, the Emperor Jade Spring Hill invested in drink spring water, water tankers carrying water to your emperor, from Xizhimen out; to legal court out of coal from the coal car Fuchengmen; Zhengyangmen out of emperor worship chariots of heaven and earth; Chaoyangmen away food car; Dongzhimen through diesel vehicles; Chongwenmen car into wine; Xuanwumen a punishment car; Andingmen a chariot; send troops to war, victory is also North Korea, to go to Deshengmen. Released that the Qing soldiers when they sing in the Deshengmen 'victory song.' Pay attention to 'old Beijing were' said the winning song is Bajiao Gu (stringed), the predecessor.
According to historical records, Ming Zhengtong fourteen years (1449) Waci military offensive in August in Beijing, led the army regarding your Yu Qian Andingmen Bingbushangshu to match the enemy, killed in one fell swoop-called 'iron neck Marshal' of your first even though the younger brother Mao claims that children , the military played Diukuiqijia Waci. Yu Qian victorious, triumphant return. Yu Qian This is a big victory to defend Beijing, famous in history. After seventeen years to the Sung Jeong (1644), Emperor Zhu Li Jiantai by the prosecution to send troops out of the Board of Civil Shilang Andingmen, marched to the rebel army in Shanxi Li Zicheng play. The army just went Zhuozhou, hit head-Chuang Wang's troops, no war since failure of the roof of the soldiers, afraid and run away. Rereading the army win the lay of area of Beijing. Zhu, see the hopeless situation from prosecution, in order to hang on the Meishan. Dubbed the Deshengmen seen, in fact, have victory or defeat.
There are nine of Beijing City, which has nine towers and watchtower. But Deshengmen the watchtower was kind of different. Take Zhengyangmen, the watchtower the actual doorway and gates, along with the watchtower Deshengmen without openings and gates, is also unique in Beijing absolutely no openings along with the gates from the watchtower.
Deshengmen attributes a history of 500 many. Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty, Kangxi period have all been regained. Early Years also repair it, because insufficient financial resources, only half the city of Taiwan to repair stopped. Republic of thirteen years, the Northern government simply removed the tower and sell the wood, use the actual to government officials developed a salary.
People of one's museum Shenwu Men enter in the Imperial Garden, the loop often is attracted for the park's gravel lane of clanking drums and away. Forbidden City Imperial Garden, also named the gravel stones painted flowers, is decorated by the coloured stones best suited symmetrical piece vivid images, including flowers, figures, Bo Gu, architecture, animals and auspicious motifs such as 700 pieces, colorful, rich brilliant.
Stones to some pattern painting is brick, or tile form patterns, and then fill part way through stone inlay, shop decorated with various patterns, such as Qiqiao map, even like Jin, Bo Gu and so. Qiqiao map is rectangular, square, rhombus, trapezoid, rectangle as the outline of the middle set with birds and flowers of plant patterns, lotus duck, Sheung Fung flowers, lotus egrets, cranes Samson friends, Ming Fung globe bamboo. Mix, mixed them. What kind of Kam pomegranate, apple, bergamot, melon, bats, ancient chime given that outline, image quality has old couple watching chess, five sons wins lotus, a gentleman farmer, rhino full moon, red, sea, lion Gunxiu Qiu, fishing music, etc. characters vivid, very fun. Bogut is more treasure several forms of Gerry, shop laden with vases, potted plants, flowers, birds, volumes, sub-mountain and also antique furnishings, modeling simple, cut and polish fine.
Unexpected people, in the depths on the court offers story that reflect the folk life portraits, though vulgar and incredibly humorous. Most notably is 'fear-law map', the screen performance of some couples, some men kneeling on a wooden bench, head lamp, his wife riding on his body; some clothes man kneeling in the rub- board, the head of a bench, pain in the medial side of his wife held responsible for the stick. These situations were vivid. Guys are not usually want to view more of this point, insurance policy coverage ladies are fine plus appreciation. Ladies long ambition can be described as big, big man on the power and prestige.
There is even a 'Eighteen school to board a Yeongju map', describing Emperor Wen opened the scene appeal to world movie stars. A spot on the screen and embrace a level line, laid-back, children their burdens, one after the other, walking slowly and leisurely. Figure less than half a foot, and show different, behave like students.
God then is the idea of ??clever craftsmen, such because the cock crowing and the peony will be the performance of 'fame and fortune' to lychee, longan, walnut concise explaination of 'in three consecutive' to be able to split in the pomegranate that 'the quantity of children' to 5 bats around a 'Shou' symbol made from floral motifs, 'Five Blessings' and such.
Imperial Garden in the gravel road north and south aspect garden, colorful, smooth and beautiful, compact structure, beautiful and beautiful. In the movie 'Fire Summer Palace,' where it had given a close-up, although about the fleeting glimpse, but it raises memories. As to the Imperial Garden Tour, can function as the first step should be careful, don't miss the capability to enjoy the stone artworks.
Summer Palace's Kunming Lake in the east coast, seventh hole near the bridge, is really a true cattle, such even though the size bronze cattle, lying, head gaze Yuanshanjinshui. It's known that occasion two a single ago, when Emperor Qianlong cast rebuilt the Summer Palace.
Ancient China has had to say for that gold than copper. Therefore, many usually takes called the Taurus the bull. Emperor Qianlong ordered the seen in cattle engraved a 'Taurus-ming.' Power Allied Forces invaded Beijing in 1900 said after wantonly plundered. Some foreigners have heard about Kunming lake Taurus to browse into the park, but the cow was big and heavy, cut does not move, not move, cast brass, on the seems carefully to hack several times, bitterly unlucky Lianhu bye bye.
Why regarding cow in Kunming lake casting who's? Several theories in general have so;
First, the 'Five Towns,' said. Legend of Beijing gold, wood, water, fire, earth five town territory. Bell Temple a 'clock in,' said the clock is a portion of the town, city of Jingshan is the soil, in comparison with the Kunming Lake Township. Bull, the lake water towards town,
Second, the 'flood flag', said. Beijing is the topography for this northwest, southeast, northwest of Kunming Lake in Beijing than the Forbidden City, the foundation height roughly ten meters, to the rainy season, carefully view the water level in Kunming and copper from the idea cattle out of which to make town flood control work.
Third, the 'Legend of Love,' recounted. Kunming Lake in the vicinity of Sai's Jade Belt Bridge, there is much mulberry trees are planted in the 'Farming and Weaving Park' village. two hundred years ago, where people are picking mulberry silkworm, is indeed so exciting. The Kunming Lake in the east coast there are a definite bull, therefore the former than for Weaver, which is actually a symbol of the Cowboy.
Too many stories of old Beijing Unfortunately, fewer and fewer people now know, sometimes it is the inevitable result of urban modernization, maybe people should rethink this drawback.